Epictetus was a Greek Stoic philosopher who lived from 55-135 AD. He is known for his teachings on ethics and the importance of living a virtuous life. Epictetus believed that happiness and tranquility could be achieved through self-discipline and the acceptance of one’s fate. His philosophical ideas were recorded by his student, Arrian, in a collection of discourses known as the “Enchiridion” or “Handbook.”

Epictetus’ writings often focused on the concept of the dichotomy of control, emphasizing that individuals should focus on what they can control, such as their thoughts and actions, rather than becoming preoccupied with external events or circumstances. He believed that true freedom and happiness could be found by aligning one’s desires and expectations with the natural order of the universe.

Epictetus’ works continue to be influential in modern philosophy, particularly in the field of Stoicism. His emphasis on personal responsibility and the power of the mind to shape one’s perception of reality has resonated with readers throughout the centuries. Some of his key influential works include “The Golden Sayings of Epictetus” and “The Enchiridion,” which provide practical advice on how to live a virtuous and fulfilling life.

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