Ernest Hemingway, born on July 21, 1899, in Oak Park, Illinois, was an American author and journalist. He is considered one of the most influential writers of the 20th century, known for his concise and straightforward writing style. Hemingway’s experiences as a World War I ambulance driver and war correspondent greatly influenced his writing, often depicting themes of war, masculinity, and the human condition.

Hemingway’s notable works include “The Old Man and the Sea,” which won him the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1953 and the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1954. This novella tells the story of an aging fisherman’s struggle against a giant marlin in the Gulf Stream. Other notable works by Hemingway include “A Farewell to Arms,” a semi-autobiographical novel set during World War I, and “For Whom the Bell Tolls,” which explores the Spanish Civil War. Hemingway’s writing style, characterized by its simplicity and understated emotions, revolutionized the literary world and continues to inspire writers today.

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