Stephen Crane was an American poet, novelist, short-story writer and journalist, born on November 1, 1871, in Newark, New Jersey. He was active during the late 19th century and is best known for his realistic portrayal of war and the human condition. Crane’s writing style is often associated with naturalism, a literary movement that emphasizes the role of environment and heredity in shaping human character. His work often explores themes of fear, courage, and the harsh realities of war.

One of Crane’s most influential works is “The Red Badge of Courage,” a novel that follows a young soldier named Henry Fleming during the American Civil War. The novel is celebrated for its vivid depiction of battle and its psychological exploration of fear and bravery. Crane’s other notable works include “Maggie: A Girl of the Streets” and “The Open Boat.” Despite his relatively short life (he died at the age of 28), Crane’s impact on American literature is enduring, and his works continue to be studied and admired for their powerful storytelling and insight into the human experience.

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