William Makepeace Thackeray was a renowned English author of the 19th century, born in Calcutta, India in 1811. He is best known for his satirical novels and his keen observations of Victorian society. Thackeray’s literary style is characterized by his wit, irony, and social commentary. He was heavily influenced by the works of Jonathan Swift and Henry Fielding, which can be seen in his satirical approach to storytelling.

Thackeray’s most notable work is his novel “Vanity Fair,” published in 1847-1848. This novel is a sharp critique of the social climbing and hypocrisy of the upper classes in Victorian England. It follows the lives of two contrasting female protagonists, Becky Sharp and Amelia Sedley, as they navigate the complexities of society. Thackeray’s exploration of themes such as ambition, greed, and morality made “Vanity Fair” a significant contribution to the genre of social satire.

Another notable work by Thackeray is “The History of Henry Esmond,” published in 1852. This historical novel is set in the early 18th century and follows the life of its titular character, Henry Esmond, as he experiences love, war, and political intrigue. Thackeray’s meticulous attention to historical detail and his skillful portrayal of complex characters make this novel a classic in English literature.

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